Разговорный клуб

Для обсуждения темы “The Earthquake in Japan and Other Environmental Problems” мы подготовили некоторые слова, которые помогут вам в высказывании:

Earthquake – apoplexy, breakup, cataclysm, climax, convulsion, diastrophism, disaster, fit, overthrow, paroxysm, quake, quaker, shake, shock, spasm, stroke, temblor, tidal wave, tremor, tsunami, upheaval.

Earthquake Vocabulary

Crust – the top layer of the earth, which consists of solid rock. Both the continental crust (land masses) and oceanic crust (the land beneath the ocean) belong to the crust.
Epicenter – the point directly above the focus or source of the earthquake.
Fault – a break or separation in rock, usually between two or more tectonic plates.
Focus – the source of the earthquake inside the earth, where the rock first begins to break.
Intensity- the amount of shaking and type of damage at a particular location. Intensity can be greater or weaker depending on the distance from the epicenter.
Liquefaction – this happens when loose, moist soil or sand is shaken so hard that individual grains separate, turning the earth into a soft, fluid slurry that can swallow entire buildings.
Lithosphere – the uppermost layer of the earth, which consists of all solid rock. It includes both the crust and the upper mantle.
Magnitude – the amount of energy released from the earthquake. The size of the seismic waves at the epicenter, which can be determined by the size of the wavy lines on the seismogram.
Mantle – the layer beneath the crust. The upper mantle is solid rock; the lower mantle is molten rock.
Mercalli Scale – a subjective measure of the strength of an earthquake. It measures the degree of intensity.
Richter Scale – an objective measure of the strength of an earthquake. It measures the degree of magnitude.
Seismic Waves – vibrations that move through the earth in a way similar to waves moving in water. They can travel through solids and liquids.
Seismogram – written recording of the earth’s vibrations, produced by a seismograph.
Seismograph – instrument that plots the intensity of earthquake waves on a roll of specially marked graph paper.
Seismologist – scientist who studies earthquakes.
Tectonic Plates – individual sections of the lithosphere of the earth. They fit together in a way similar to a jigsaw puzzle, but are always moving very slowly, floating on the molten rock of the lower mantle.

А также Environmental Idioms:

Dropping Like Flies
When many living creatures, including plants, are dying in large numbers, English natives often say, they are “dropping like flies.”

The Tip of the Iceberg
High school science classes teach us all about icebergs, or ice in general, and how the ice visible on the surface is only a small portion of the ice itself.
Figuratively, “the tip of the iceberg” is a small, visible portion of a larger, real problem.

Making Waves
To “make waves” is the opposite of “going with the flow.” To make waves is to stand out, to demonstrate your individuality and uniqueness, and to make a name for yourself by becoming better known. Hopefully, when we make waves, it is in a good way, so that we are known for our successes, and not for our failures.

Go With The Flow
Figuratively speaking, “the flow” is the course of events; it is the direction society is taking, and the momentum behind the movement in that direction. To go with the flow is to do as others do and to take the path of least resistance, like water coursing through a river.

Having Your Head In The Clouds
To have your head in the clouds means that your thoughts are not on the task at hand.Your thoughts are elsewhere, as if they are floating in the clouds, not firmly planted into the soil.

Stealing Someone’s Thunder
To “steal someone’s thunder” is an expression for taking the credit and praise for something someone else did. That is, someone else does the work, but you take the credit.

Weathering the Storm
To weather a storm is to endure a difficult, but temporary situation. Because the difficult situation is temporary, it resembles a passing storm. Eventually, the storm ends.

A Ray Of Sunshine
Figuratively, sunshine is strongly related to happiness. Therefore, a ray of sunshine is someone or something that brings happiness to others.

Down to Earth
Someone who is “down to earth” is someone in touch with the lives and realities of ordinary people. No matter how high a person’s social status, if we say that person is “down to earth,” that person does not behave in a way that is separate from the average person.

Digging Deep
Figuratively speaking, “digging” is searching, even if it has nothing to do with physical soil. “Digging deep” means to spend a great deal of effort searching for something.

  1. Irina says:

    Hi, will you have the meeting on this Saturday March 26th? there was no announce on Odessa forum so I’m wondering… I want to come with my friend.

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